Status of the Watercourses Convention
as of 31 July 2015
Article 36(1) of the Convention provides that "The present Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit of the thirty-fifth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the Secretary-General of the United Nations."
The Convention was opened for signature from 21 May 1997 through 21 May 2000. States, however, may continue to ratify, accept, approve or accede to the Convention indefinitely. Note that a signature means that the signatory accepts the obligations of the treaty in principle but is bound only to not violate the object and purpose of the treaty. For a nation to be fully bound to a treaty, it must take the additional step of ratifying, accepting, approving or acceding (depending on its domestic legal process) to that instrument. The 35th ratification was received on 19 May 2014. The The Convention entered into into force on 17 August 2014, 90 days after that 35th ratification was deposited. In addition to the now 36 ratifications to the Convention, there are an additional 3 nations that had signed but not yet ratified the treaty.
|PARTICIPANT||Signature (S)||Ratification (R)||Acceptance (A)||Accession (a)||Approval (AA)|
|Benin||5 July 2012|
|Burkina Faso||22 March 2011|
|Chad||26 September 2012|
|Côte d'Ivoire||25 September 1998||25 February 2014|
|Denmark||30 April 2012|
|Finland||31 October 1997||23 January 1998|
|France||24 February 2011|
|Germany||13 August 1998||15 January 2007|
|Greece||2 December 2010|
|Guinea-Bissau||19 May 2010|
|Hungary||20 July 1999||26 January 2000|
|Iraq||9 July 2001|
|Ireland||20 December 2013|
|Italy||30 November 2012|
|Jordan||17 April 1999||22 June 1999|
|Lebanon||25 May 1999|
|Libyan Arab Jamahiriya||14 June 2005|
|Luxembourg||14 October 1997||8 June 2012|
|Montenegro||24 September 2013|
|Morocco||13 April 2011|
|Namibia||19 May 2000||29 August 2001|
|Netherlands||9 March 2000||9 January 2001|
|Niger||20 February 2013|
|Nigeria||27 September 2010|
|Norway||30 September 1998||30 September 1998|
|"State of Palestine"||2 January 2015|
|Paraguay||25 August 1998|
|Portugal||11 November 1997||22 June 2005|
|Qatar||28 February 2002|
|South Africa||13 August 1997||26 October 1998|
|Spain||24 September 2009;|
|Sweden||15 June 2000|
|Syrian Arab Republic||11 August 1997||2 April 1998|
|Tunisia||19 May 2000||22 April 2009|
|United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland||13 December 2013|
|Uzbekistan||4 September 2007|
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)||22 September 1997|
|Vietnam||19 May 2014|
|Yemen||17 May 2000|
DECLARATIONS AND RESERVATIONS (Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made upon ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.)
Denmark - 30 April 2012
"Declaration: Until further notice, the Convention shall not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland."
"Declaration: The Government of the Republic of Hungary declares itself bound by either of the two means for the settlement of disputes (International Court of Justice, arbitration), reserving its right to agree on the competent body of jurisdiction, as the case may be."
"Declaration: Montenegro declares that in respect of any dispute not resolved
in accordance with Article 33 paragraph 2 of the said Convention, Montenegro recognizes
as compulsory ipso facto, and without special agreement in relationship to any party
accepting the same obligation:
1. Submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice; and/or
2. Arbitration by an arbitral tribunal established and operating, unless the parties to the dispute otherwise agreed, in accordance with the procedure laid down in the annex to the present Convention.”"
Netherlands - 17 February 2010
"Declaration: The Kingdom of the Netherlands declares, in accordance with paragraph 10 of Article 33 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses, that it accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in that paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting one or both means of dispute settlement."
Syrian Arab Republic
"Reservation: The acceptance by the Syrian Arab Republic of this Convention and its ratification by the Government shall not under any circumstances be taken to imply recognition of Israel and shall not lead to its entering into relations therewith that are governed by its provisions."
OBJECTIONS (Unless otherwise indicated, the objections were made upon ratification, acceptance approval or accession.)
Israel - 15 July 1998
"Declaration: In regard to the reservation made by the Syrian Arab Republic upon ratification:
In view of the Government of the State of Israel such reservation, which is explicitly of a political nature, is incompatible with the purposes and objectives of this Convention and cannot in any way affect whatever obligations are binding upon the Syrian Arab Republic under general international treaty law or under particular conventions. The Government of the State of Israel will, in so far as concerns the substance of the matter, adopt towards the Syrian Arab Republic an attitude of complete reciprocity."